What is a certificate?
A document is nothing more than evidence of a declaration. Official documents, therefore, include, for example, certificates, schoolchildren’s and student IDs, but also license plates. These documents are intended to ensure that the respective exhibitor is recognizable and that he is responsible for his declaration. The authenticity of a document must be proven, for example by a stamp and a signature with the date.
When is there a forgery of documents?
A forgery of documents is always committed when a false document is created, a genuine document is falsified, or when these documents are used. For example, if an applicant submits a fake certificate during the interview, changes individual grades, or uses a fake diploma, he is committing a forgery.
What can be the consequences of forging a testimonial?
Attempting to forge documents alone is a criminal offense and can be punished with a fine or imprisonment of up to five years. In particularly serious cases, the sentence can even be increased to up to ten years.
When do we speak of a serious case of a fake degree? First of all, if the forgery of the document is not committed once, but repeatedly and on a commercial basis. In addition, if the perpetrator is part of a gang that commits counterfeits on a large scale in order to sell them for consideration.
The higher sentence also applies if the forgery has caused a loss of assets greater than 50,000 euros or the perpetrator misuses his position as a public official. If the assets of others are damaged or if the forger tries to gain a financial advantage through the offense, fraud can also be sued.
In a nutshell, the most important information about the topic
- Anyone who creates a fake document falsifies a real document or uses these documents is committing a forgery.
Attempting to forge documents is a criminal offense and can be punished with a fine or a prison sentence of up to five years.